CDC issues warning about tick-borne infection outbreak

Rash caused because of tick-bite | Credits: Getty Images
Rash caused because of tick-bite | Credits: Getty Images

United States: A health-related advisory has been issued by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Accordingly, approximately three out of five (3 out of 5) people have died because of the tick-borne infection. The disease has been transmitted because of infection, called Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF). Out of the total, three patients hailed from the United States and remaining two were from Mexico.

According to the recently conducted study by CDC, the majority of the cases have been detected among the people who have travelled to Baja California in Mexico. The reports have underscored that all the infection patients have visited to the Baja city of Tecate within two weeks of the illness.

The Health authority outlined that the population started getting affected with the infection from late July.

Details regarding the RMSF

According to CDC, the disease spread because of the bite of the infected tick, majorly the disease spreads through brown dog ticks.

While emphasising on the threat-level of the disease, the authority mentioned that in maximum cases, the disease is not life-threatening; however if left untreated it can become severe. The official data suggested that half of the RMSF infected patients have lost their lived within eight days.

Early detection of disease

The CDC has urged doctors to start early detection of RMSF and put the suspected patients on doxycycline as early as possible, especially when the person has travelled to Northern Mexico recently.

Tick bite | Credits: Getty Images

Symptoms of illness

CDC noted that during the first four days of illness, the symptoms can be mild and non-specific. It may include basic health conditions such as headache, fever, muscle pain, Gastro-Intestinal problems, abdominal pain, rash, as well as swelling around the eyes and the back of the hands.

However, the experts have suggested that if the treatment is not given on time, the infection can led to major health issues including the breathing problems, brain damage, organ failure, and coma.

In addition to this, the infection can affect the lungs, heart, kidneys, and nervous system, if not treated under proper treatment, according to the reports published by the US News.

Vaccination for RMSF

According to the reports, presently, there is no vaccination against the infection. However, the disease can be prevented by protecting against the tick bites, if stuck, the health authorities have underlined that the tick must be removed from the skin as soon as possible.

The stats by the CDC underlined that out of the total five (5) patients, more than 90 precent were younger than 18 years. According to official statistics, the children got five time more infected than adults.

What is the root cause of the spread of the infection?

The RMSF was first detected from the northern Mexico and southwestern parts of the United States, according to the CDC. The health experts mentioned that the infection have been declared “endemic” in certain states of Mexico, including Baja California, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila and Nuevo Leon.

While sharing the details regarding protective measures that should be followed by the people travelling to the region, the CDC mentioned that they should wear protective clothing, treat their dogs for ticks, and use insect repellants.